Luxmikant Polity Crux Static Books Crux Notes

LUXMIKANT POLITY CRUX NOTES-CHAPTER-70

Role of regional Parties

Introduction ·         Vital role in Indian politics at local, state and national level

Features:

1.       Operates within a particular state/specified region – electoral base limited – single region.

2.       Articulates regional interests and identifies itself with a particular cultural, religious, linguistic or ethnic group

3.       Primarily concerned with exploiting local resources of discontent or preserving a variety of primordial demands based on language, caste or region.

4.       Focuses on local/regional issues – capture political power at state level – no inclination to expand to Center

5.       Political desire for greater regional autonomy of states in Indian Union

Classification 4 categories:

1.       Eastern regional culture or ethnicity.

2.       Which have an all India outlook but lack a national electoral base

3.       Which are formed by a split in national parties.

4.       Regional parties which are formed by individual leaders on basis of their charismatic personality

Reasons for emergence 1.       Cultural, ethnic, economic disparities and regional imbalances

2.       Failure of national politics to meet regional aspirations.

3.       Reorganisation of states on the basis of language.

4.       Centralising tendencies of Congress party.

5.       Absence of a strong opposition party at Central level.

Dysfunctions of Regional Parties Negative aspects:

·         More importance to regional interests than national interest.

·         Encouraged regionalism, casteism, linguicism, communalism, tribalism

·         Responsible for unresolution of interstate disputes, border issues

·         Indulged in corruption, nepotism, favouritism.

·         Focused more on populist schemes and measures to expand electoral base

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