State Human Rights Commission
|Intro||· Work in state- 25 states have enquiries violation against human Rights on state list (II) & concurrent List (III) of
· 7th Schedule cases for violation against SHRC do not but it transferred that in inquire.
|Composition Of The Commission||· Chairperson + 2 member retired Chief Justice
· Appointed by governor on recommendations of a committee.
· Serving or Retired Judge of HC.
· District Judge (Min 7 years)
· Or a person with practical Experiences.
· 5 years/70 years – No further employment under state or center.
· Removed by POI ( same as NHRC)
· Salary allowance by S.L
· Function same as NHRC
· Same working and nature of Recommendation as NHRC.
· Human Right Court
|Functions||Similar to the functions of the National HR Commissions but on state level.|
|Working of the Commission||· Power to regulate in own procedure – all powers of civil court and has judicial character.
· Not empowered to inquire in any matter after 1 year of its expiry – from the date of commission of act.
· Mainly recommendary in nature – no power to Punish – not binding on SG
· Submits well or special reports to SG.
|Human Rights Courts||Protection Of H.R Court Act (1993): Human Right Court in Every District
Setup by CJ (HC) + a Special Public prosecutor (7 Years)
|2019 Amendment Act||1. Person who has been judge of SC – eligible to be appointed as chairperson of NHRC.
2. Increase number of members in NHRC from 2 to 3. At least one woman
3. Made chairpersons of NCBC and NCPCR as chief Commissioner for persons with disabilities as Ex-officio members of NHRC
4. Reduce term of chairperson of NHRC and members from 5 to 3 years – reappointment allowed
5. Person judge of High Court eligible as chairperson of State HRC.
6. Secretary general of NHRC exercise on administrative and financial powers – no judicial functions. Provided secretary of state HRC same powers at state level
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