|1687-88||The first municipal corporation in India Madras.|
|1726||The municipal corporations were set up in Bombay and Calcutta.|
|1935||Local self-government was declared as a provincial subject Rajiv Gandhi (65th CA); VP singh failed by Narshima Rao by 74 CA, 1992.
Central level – urban local government dealt with following three ministries:
a. Ministry of housing and urban affairs.
b. Ministry of defence in case of Cantonment board.
c. Ministry of home affairs in case of UT’s
|74TH AMENDMENT ACT OF 1992||Part IX-A, ‘The Municipalities’ Articles 243- P to 243-ZG, 12th schedule was added Constitutional status to Municipalities.|
|Salient Features||Three Types of Municipalities The act provides for the constitution of the following three types of municipalities in every state.
1. Nagar panchayat for a transitional village- low developing area population – less than 3 Lakh.
2. Municipal council (Nagar Parisad) small – Urban area 3 to 20 Lakhs.
3. Municipal corporation Large Urban area More Than 20 Lakhs.
|74th CA||A New District Planning Commission, Constitutional body mentioned in Const.
Number is not fixed 4/5 should be elected
1. District Panchayat
2. Municipalities in the district
1/5 Nominated Chairperson – senior officer
Urban Planning recommend government
|Metro- Politian (Metropolitan Planning Committee)||Constitutional Body (2/3rd) & 1/3rd Nominate
Elected Member of Municipality Chairperson of the Panchayat
|Types of Urban Govt||Types of urban local bodies created for urban administration:
a. Municipal Corporation.
c. Notified area committee.
d. Town area committee.
e. Cantonment board.
g. Port trust.
h. Special-purpose agency
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