UPPSC Syllabus 2021,Exam Pattern & 34 Optional Subjects for UPPSC Mains

The UPPSC syllabus and exam pattern are conducted in Three Stages. The stages of the exam are-

    • Prelims exam- 2 papers
    • Main exam- 8 papers
    • Personality Test
  • Preliminary examination
Paper Name No. of Questions Marks
General Studies – I 150 200
General Studies– II (Aptitude) 100 200
  • The General Studies paper–II (Aptitude) is only qualifying in nature and the candidates need to score only 33% (66 marks) in it to qualify the paper.
  • As per the new UPPSC exam pattern, there will be 33% negative marking for every incorrect answer in Prelims.
  • Preliminary UPPSC syllabus

uppsc preliminary syllabus
UPPSC Preliminary Syllabus
  • Mains Examination
    • The structure of the UPPSC main exam is as follows
Paper Description Marks
1 General Hindi 150
2 Essay 150
3 General Studies-I 200
4 General Studies –II 200
5 General Studies –III 200
6 General Studies –IV 200
7 Optional Subject – Paper 1 200
8 Optional Subject – Paper 2 200
Sub-Total (Written Test) 1500
Personality Test 100
Grand Total 1600

Mains UPPSC Syllabus-

General Studies-I

  • History of Indian Culture– Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and design from ancient to times fashionable Indian History (from A.D 1757 to A.D 1947)– important events, personalities and issues, and so on.
  • Freedom Struggle– Its varied stages and necessary contributors/contributions from completely different components of the country
  • History of the world– can embody events from the eighteenth century to middle of the twentieth century appreciate French Revolution of 1789, Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism, etc. their forms and effects on the society
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization at intervals the country (till 1965A.D.)Salient options of Indian Society and culture
  • Role of ladies in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, impoverishment and organic process issues, urbanization, their issues and their remedies that means of liberalization, privatization and globalisation and their effects on economy, polity and social organization
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & school of thought
  • Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests in respect to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India.
  • Factors liable for the placement of industries (with special reference to India).
  • Salient features of Physical Geography– Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds and glaciers Oceanic resources of Asian nation and their potential.
  • Human migration– expatriate downside of the planet with specialise in India
  • Frontiers and limits with respect to Indian sub-continent.
  • Population and Settlements– varieties and Patterns, Urbanization, good Cities and good Villages
  • Specific data of province– History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, folks dance, Literature, Regional languages, Heritage, Social Customs and business.
  • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation.

General Studies-II

  • Indian Constitution– Historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, important provisions and basic structure, Role of Supreme Court in evolution of basic provisions of Constitution
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and States– problems and challenges relating the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to native levels and challenges in this
  • Role of Finance Commission in Centre-State money relations
  • Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions, Emergence and use of other dispute redressal mechanisms
  • Comparison of the Indian Constitutional theme thereupon of other major democratic countries
  • Parliament and State Legislatures– Structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers and privileges and anxious problems
  • Structure, organisation and functioning of the chief and also the Judiciary– Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure Groups, and formal/informal associations and their role within the Polity, Public Interest proceeding (PIL) Salient options of the illustration of People’ Act
  • Appointment to numerous Constitutional posts, powers, functions and their responsibilities
  • Statutory, regulative and various quasi-judicial bodies together with NITI Aayog, their features and functioning
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementations and knowledge engineering (ICT) necessary aspects of governance– Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures
  • Role of Civil Services in democracy within the context of rising trends
  • Development processes– The role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self facilitate teams (SHGs), varied groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and different stakeholders
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and also the performance of those schemes, mechanisms, laws, establishments and Bodies brought about for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections problems with reference to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources problems with reference to impoverishment and hunger, their implication on land
  • Asian nation and its relationship with neighbour Countries;
  • Bilateral, Regional and world groupings and agreements involving India and / or touching India’ interest result of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’ interests- Indian diaspora necessary International Institutions, Agencies their structure, mandate and functioning
  • Specific data of province regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue and judicatory Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance

Suggested read

MPPSC Exam syllabus and the new exam pattern

General Studies-III

  • Economic coming up within India, objectives and achievements, Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of property Development Goals (SDGs) problems with Poverty, Unemployment, Social Justice and comprehensive growth elements of state Budgets and financial set-up
  • Major Crops, differing types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and promoting of agricultural produce, e-technology within the aid of farmers problems relating to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, Limitations, revamping, problems with buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture
  • Food process and connected industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, offer chain management Land reforms in Asian nation since independence
  • Effects of relief and globalisation on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
  • Infrastructure– Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, and so on
  • Science and Technology– Developments and applications in lifestyle and in National Security, India’ Science and Technology policy
  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of recent technologies, transfer of technology, twin and demanding use of technologies
  • Technology– Awareness within the fields of knowledge and Communication Technology (ICT) and area Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nano-technology, microbiology, biotechnology Issues with reference to property rights (IPR), and digital rights
  • Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of untamed life, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
  • Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management
  • Challenges of International Security– problems with Nuclear proliferation, Causes and unfold of extremism, Communication networks, role of media and social networking, Basics of cyber security, concealing and human trafficking
  • Asian nation’ internal security challenges– Terrorism, corruption, revolt and arranged crimes Role, kind and mandate of security forces, Higher defence organizations in India
  • Specific data of Uttar Pradesh Economy–State Budgets, Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure and physical resources, Human Resources and ability Development, Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
  • Problems in State’s Agriculture, Horticulture, biology and farming
  • Law and Order and Civil Defence with special respect to the province

General Studies-IV

  • Ethics and Human Interface– Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, Ethics privately and public relationship, Human Values
  • Lessons from the lives and teachings of nice leaders, reformers and administrators, role of family, society and academic establishments in inculcating values
  • Attitude– Content, structure, function, its influence and relation with thought and behaviour, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion
  • Ability and Foundational Values for Civil Service, integrity, nonpartisanship and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections
  • Emotional Intelligence– construct and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance
  • Contributions of {ethical} thinkers and philosophers from Asian nation and world
  • Public/Civil Service values and ethics publicly Administration– standing and problems, ethical issues and dilemmas in government and personal institutions, laws, rules, rules and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, responsibleness and ethical governance, strengthening of {ethical} values in governance, ethical problems in negotiation and funding, company governance
  • Integrity in Governance– construct of public service, the philosophical basis of governance and probity, data sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’ charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption

Case studies on top of issues in UPPSC Syllabus


There’ll be 3 sections within the question paper of the Essay, Candidates will get to choose one topic from every section and that they are needed to write down an essay in 700 words on every topic. within the 3 sections, topics of the essay are going to be supported following sphere:

Section A – (1) Literature and Culture (2) Social sphere (3) area

Section B – (1) Science, surroundings and Technology (2) Economic Sphere (3) Agriculture, trade and Trade

Section C – (1) National and International Events (2) Natural Calamities, Landslide, Earthquake, Deluge, Drought and so on (3) National Development programmes and comes

सामान्य हिंदी

  1. दिये गए गद्य खण्ड का अवबोध एवं प्रश्नोत्तर।
  1. संक्षेपण।
  2. सरकारी एवं अर्धसरकारी पत्र लेखन, तार लेखन, कार्यालय आदेश, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र।
  3. शब्द ज्ञान एवं प्रयोग।

(अ)उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय प्रयोग

(ब) विलोम शब्द

(स) वाक्यांश के लिए एकशब्द

(द) वर्तनी एवं वाक्य शुद्धि

  1. लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे।
  • 34 optional subjects for  Mains as per the latest UPPSC exam pattern-
Agriculture & Veterinary Science Arabic Lit. Zoology
Chemistry Hindi Lit. Statistics
Defence Studies Persian Lit. Physics
Management Sanskrit Lit. Mathematics
Political Science & International Relations Geology Commerce & Accountancy
Geography Psychology Economics
History Civil Engineering Public Administration
Social Work Medical Science Sociology
Agricultural Engineering Philosophy Anthropology
Mechanical Engineering Botany Electrical Engineering
Law English Lit. Animal Husbandry
Urdu Lit


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