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GS 3 Mains 2021 : 16 questions coming DIRECTLY from DIADEMY Mains Programs

UPSC Mains 2021 GS-3 Hits from DIADEMY IAS Mains Booster & Answer writing course

Qn1. Explain the difference between the computing methodology of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) before the year 2015 and after the year 2015. (Answer in 150 words)

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Qn2. Distinguish between Capital Budget and Revenue Budget. Explain the components of both these Budgets. (Answer in 150 words)

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Qn3. How did land reforms in some parts of the country help to improve the socio-economic conditions of marginal and small farmers? (Answer in 150 words)

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Qn4. How and to what extent would micro-irrigation help in solving India’s water crisis? (Answer in 150 words)

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Qn6. Explain the purpose of the Green Grid Initiative launched at the World Leaders Summit of the COP26 UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow in November 2021. When was this idea first floated in the International Solar Alliance (ISA)? (Answer in 150 words)

Qn9. Discuss how emerging technologies and globalisation contribute to money laundering. Elaborate measures to tackle the problem of money laundering both at national and international levels. (Answer in 150 words)

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Round Tripping

In the context of black money, it leaves the country through various channels such as inflated invoices, payments to shell companies overseas, the hawala route and so on.

After cooling its heels overseas for a while, this money returns in a freshly laundered form; thus completing a round-trip.

Vulnerability of India (International Narcotics Control Strategy Report)

  • India’s emerging status as a regional financial center
  • its large system of informal cross-border money flows (Hawala)
  • its widely perceived tax avoidance problems
  • Poor GAAR Implementation
  • Unholy nexus
  • narcotics trafficking
  • illegal trade in endangered wildlife, trade in illegal gems (particularly diamonds), smuggling,
  • trafficking in persons,
  • India’s geographical location between the heroin-producing countries of the Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent

Qn10. Keeping in view India’s internal security, analyse the impact of cross-border cyber attacks. Also, discuss defensive measures against these sophisticated attacks. (Answer in 150 words)

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Qn11. Do you agree that the Indian economy has recently experienced V- shapes recovery? Give reasons in support of your answer. (Answer in 250 words)

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Qn12. “Investment in infrastructure is essential for more rapid and inclusive economic growth.” Discuss in the light of India’s experience. (Answer in 250 words)

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 Qn13. What are the salient features of the National Food Security Act, 2013? How has the Food Security Bill helped in eliminating hunger and malnutrition in India? (Answer in 250 words)

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Qn14. What are the present challenges before crop diversification? How do emerging technologies provide an opportunity for crop diversification? (Answer in 250 words)

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Qn15. What are the research and developmental achievements in applied biotechnology? How will these achievements help to uplift the poorer sections of society? (Answer in 250 words)

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Qn17. Describe the major outcomes of the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). What are the commitments made by India at this conference? (Answer in 250 words)

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Qn18. Describe the various causes and effects of landslides. Mention the important components of the National Landslide Risk Management Strategy. (Answer in 250 words)

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Qn19. Analyse the multidimensıonal challenges posed by external state and non-state actors, to the internal security of India. Also, discuss measures required to be taken to combat these threats. (Answer in 250 words)

Qn20. Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also, suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. (Answer in 250 words)

Causes/Types of Terrorism In India

  1. Religion based
  2. External state sponsored
  3. Ethnic based

Economic factors (marginalisation

Strategy to deal with Terrorism

  • Dismantling various linkages
  • Good governance
  • Identify vulnerable communities
  • Special forces in vulnerable regions
  • Land and coastal border security

 

 

PM 11-point action agenda for counter-terrorism in the G20 Summit

  1. Adoption of Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism. (CCIT)
  2. Effective implementation of UNSC resolution 2322 and other international resolutions.
  3. Exchange of best practices and process of de-radicalisation between G-20 countries.
  4. Closure of terror funding with the help of Financial Action Task Force.
  5. Weapons and Explosive Action Task Force must be formed to stop arms trading to terror organisations.
  6. Firm and deterrent action must be taken against countries who support terrorism and barring them from G20 summit.
  7. Countries attending G20 summit must exchange lists of designated terrorists and take action against them and their supporters.

 

PM 11-point action agenda for counter-terrorism in the G20 Summit

  1. For those arrested for terror activities, extradition process must be simplified.
  1. Concrete support among G-20 countries for Cyber Security to stop terror activities.
  2. G-20 countries must form National Security Advisors on Counter Terrorism.

 

Recommendations of 2nd ARC

  1. Need for comprehensive anti terrorist legislation
  • Need to clearly define criminal acts that can be construed as terrorism.
  • Granting of bail to accused only after the Court gives the Public Prosecutor an opportunity of being heard
  • Amend CrPC to comply with recommendations
  • Confession before the police should be made admissible only after comprehensive police reforms
  • Provisions for constitution of Special Fast Track Courts exclusively for trial of terrorism related case
  • Provision for penalisingunauthorisedpossession of certain specified arms and ammunition
  1. Controllong Terrorist Financing
  • Amending Prevention of Money-laundering Act to expand list of predicateoffences to widen its scope and outreach
  • Increased coordination among various investigation agencies
  • Extending financial transaction reporting regime under the Financial Intelligence Unit
  • Provisions regarding freezing of assets, funds, bank accounts, deposits, cash etc. when there is reasonable suspicion of their intended use in terrorist activities.

 

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