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Green Building Concept | GS 3 UPSC Mains

What Is Green Building Concept?

Green Building Concept is a sustainable building with high efficiency in resource usage (energy, water, and materials) while reducing impacts on health and the environment.

Benefits Of Green Building In India:

  • Key to addressing the challenge of environmental conservation and climate change of Indian Ghats.
  • Costs for design and construction of the green building concept is high, however, the operational costs are low.
  • Efficiently utilizes energy, water, and other resources.
  • Protects occupant health and improving employee productivity
  • Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation.
  • Reduce Heat waves (caused by climate change) or Urban Heat Island Effect.

How does Greens Technology work?

  • Green building involves the maximum use of efficient building materials and practices.
  • It optimizes the utilization of on-site sources and sinks by bio-climatic architectural practices.
  • It uses minimum energy to power itself by using efficient equipment to meet its needs.
  • More utilization of renewable energy sources.
  • Efficient waste and water management practices.
  • Comfortable and hygienic indoor working environment.

Government Initiatives

  • The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI plays a very crucial role in developing green building capacities.
  • Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) is the National Green Building Rating System.
  • India Green Building Council (IGBC) is the first rating program exclusively for the residential sector.
  • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) India is the Green Building rating program.
  • Energy Saving Building Code developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency to optimize energy savings.
  • ECO-NIWAS Portal- to increase awareness about sustainable building and energy-efficient homes.

Challenges OF Green Building :

  • Equipment and products used in the construction of green buildings concepts are way too expensive when compared to conventional ones.
  • Limited Awareness about green buildings and its benefits and consider financially unachievable.
  • Inadequacy of proper government rules and regulations to enforce large-scale implementation of green buildings norms.
  • Builders and developers have to go through a hard time for approvals for green building compliances.
  • Presently, there are very few incentive plans available to encourage the adoption of green buildings in India. Also, the ones which exist are not uniform since they differ due to the diverse governing bodies.
  • Lack of skilled manpower and subject matter experts is one of the factors holding back Green Buildings.

Way Forward

For India, accelerating Green Building adoption means tuning of norms, better incentive schemes, a healthy financial support system, and increasing awareness among all stakeholders.

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