Q . Though, the second world war was the result of nationalistic tensions and economic depression, the aftermath created a more complicated world. Discuss.(10 marks, 150 words, GS-1, World History)




  • Begin with the 2nd World war.
  • Second para to include the causes of 2nd World War.
  • Next para could be about the impact and aftermath.

The Second World War (WW-II) was a global military conflict which lasted from 1939 to 1945. The principal belligerents were the Axis powers — Germany, Italy, and Japan—and the Allies — France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and, to a lesser extent, China.

Causes of War-

  • Humiliating Treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany after World War-I. It gave rise to ultra-nationalism in Germany.
  • League of Nation formed in 1919 to upkeep the world peace failed in its mandate.
  • The Great Depression of 1929 brought about economic distress in almost all parts of the world.
  • In 1920s, world saw the rise of fascism which was nothing but the militaristic totalitarianism.
  • In 1941 began the Nazi regime with rise of Adolf Hitler in Germany.
  • Major European powers like Britain and France began policy of appeasement towards Germany.

Aftermath of World War-II-

  • USA and USSR emerged as new superpowers replacing Britain and France and thus changed the world order.
  • Many colonial nations began decolonising their colonies as a result of the rise of nationalism and militarism.
  • A more universal international organisation, United Nations, was established for keeping the global peace.
  • Cold War era began between new superpowers USA and USSR for world hegemony.
  • Economic changes too were observed with the establishment of Bretton Woods Twins – IBRD (presently World Bank) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) – in 1945.

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