NITI Aayog

August -2014 Planning Commission [65-year-old] scrapped.
1 Jan, 2015 NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India)

Created by executive Resolution of GOI, hence neither a Constitutional body nor a statutory.

NITI Aayog Policy Premium policyThink Tank’ of GOI:

·         Center-state one way policy

·         Command & Control

·         Think- Tank

·         Uses bottom up approach rather than top-down

·         Lot of change happened politically, socially, economically so there is a need of change.

Catalyst of development; nurturing an environment through a, holistic approach.

·         State role as equal partners in national development – cooperative Federalism

·         Think Tank- expertise on stragic issues, knowledge hub.

·         Collaborative platform –

–          facilitating implementation

–          All executive closer.

Rationale Planning Commission-

·         Redundant ; In command economy structure in diversified country

·         One size fits all – obsolete

Composition a.       Chairperson: PM

b.       Governing Council: CM of all States and UT’s and Lt. General of other UT’s

c.        Regional Councils: formed to address specific issues affecting more than one state or a region – convened by PM – comprises of CM of dates/Lt. General of UT in the region

d.       Special invitees: experts, specialist and practitioners with relevant knowledge – invited by PM

e.        Full time organisational framework:

1.       Vice chairperson- appointed by PM – enjoy the rank of Cabinet Minister

2.       Members: full time – rank of minister of state

3.       Part-Time Members: Max 2 – from leading Uni or research org – on rotation bases

4.       Official number: max 4 -nominated by PM – of union Council of ministers.

5.       CEO: apt by PM – rank of Secretary to GOI – fixed tenure

6.       Secretariat: if necessary

Specialised Wings 1.       Research Wing

2.       Consultancy Wing

3.       Team India Wing

Objectives ·         Cooperative federalism (inc.)

·         Establish Collaboration & work on

·         ‘National agenda’

·         Long term strategic goals setup

·         Focus on agenda of development

Aims ·         Govt ‘Enabler’ not a provider for first and last resort.

·         Economically vibrant middle class (Inc)

·         India as a global active player.

·         Technology (Inc) – opacity & potential for misadventure in govt(dec)

·         Urbanisation as an opportunity to create a secure & whole some habitat.

Guiding Principles ·         Antodaya: Prioritise Service an uplift poor.

·         Inclusion: empower vulnerable and marginalised section.

·         Village: integrate villages into development process.

·         Demographic dividend: harness people of India the greatest as it through education and skilling

·         People’s participation: transform the development process into a people driven one.

·         Governance: nurture and open, transparent, accountable style of governance.

·         Sustainability: maintain sustainability at the core of planning and developmental process – build on the ancient tradition of respect for environment

Critics Opposition criticism:

·         Move is just a “fluff” and mere “gimmickry”.

·         New body will pave the way for discrimination, as “corporates will call the shots” in policy.

Planning Commission 1950 – by executive Resolution of GoI.

A supreme organ for planning ( social & economic development)

Function Plan for ‘balance utilisation’.

To check progress & Recoment.

Composition PM + Dy. Chairman + server minister = 4-7 expert member + member secretary (IAS)
Criticism ·         Staff agency – advisory role

·         But took the form of social cabinet or economic cabinet or Parallel Cabinet or the fifth wheal of the coach.

·         No representation of state as advisory body – administration.

Attached Offices of NITI Aayog 1.       National Institute of labour economics research and development – NILERD – formerly Institute of applied manpower research

2.       Development monitoring and evaluation office.

NDC (National Development Council) Ø  Last meeting was in Dec 2012.

Ø  Rumour for ending NDC, till now no resolution.

Ø  PM + all union Cabinet minister + CM of all state + CM/Ad of UTs + Member of Planning Commission

Ø  Secretary of planning commission

Objective Secure Plan for cooperation of state, common economic policies. Balance & rapid growth.
Functions Guideline for nation program

Make assessment of resource.

Consider social – economic policies.

Review working of National Plan.

Five Year plan was Union Cabinet after approval – N.D.C., By Niti Aayog.

Importance Highest body, for policy matter – reg. Social & economic development. Non binding nature.
Critical Evaluation Super cabinet, upper stamp of decision taken by Central government.

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