Q . Quasi-judicial bodies provide an alternative to the regular judicial process. Examine the role and powers and the shortcomings and suggest ways to improve their functioning.(10 marks, 150 words, GS-2)




  • Begin with the introduction of the quasi judicial bodies.
  • Second para about the role and powers of such bodies and how are these different from regular courts.
  • Next para to include the short comings in the working.
  • Final para to be about the future measures to improve the functioning.

Quasi-judicial bodies are institutes which have powers analogous to that of the law imposing bodies but these are not courts.

Different from courts:

  • They primarily oversee the administrative zones.  e.g. CICI
  • The courts have the power to supervise over all types of disputes but the quasi-judicial bodies are the ones with the powers of imposing laws on administrative agencies.  e.g. NHRC
  • These bodies support to lessen the burden of the courts.  e.g. ITAT
  • Quasi-judicial activity is restricted to the issues that concern the particular administrative agency.  ..g. CCI
  • Quasi-judicial action may be appealed to a court of law which is the final vital authority.  


Awards and judgements of the quasi-judicial bodies often depend on a pre-determined set of rules or punishment depending on the nature and gravity of the offence committed. 

Such punishment may be legally enforceable under the law of a country, it can be challenged in a court of law.

Important quasi-judicial bodies in India are as under:

  • National Human Rights Commission
  • State Human Rights Commission
  • Central Information Commission
  • State Information Commission
  • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
  • State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
  • District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum
  • Competition Commission of India
  • Railway Claims Tribunal, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Intellectual Property Appellate Tribunal, Central Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal etc
  • Banking Ombudsman, Insurance Ombudsman, Income tax Ombudsman, Electricity Ombudsman






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