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Role Of NGOs In India(GS-2 Exam Synopsis)2020-21(UPSC)

Role Of NGOs In India-

Role Of NGOs In India, Non-governmental organization. Non-profit making groups formed for the social welfare of mankind are known as NGOs. Non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, were first called such in Article 71 in the Charter of the newly formed United Nations in 1945.

Exam Time Synopsis:

Non-profit making groups formed for the social welfare of mankind are known as NGOs.

Role Of NGOs In India synopsis

Historical background- Begin with the formation of Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Ramakrishna Mission, etc. Worked for relief, rehabilitation, removing social evils, etc.
Registration Can be as a society, trust, cooperative, civil society, or charitable company.
Role For awareness, education, research, the welfare of marginalized sections, skilling, training, surveying, environment protection, development of rural areas, culture revival, healthcare facilities.
Funding- Both government and foreign. Foreign funding under FCRA 2010. Exemption under IT Act Sec 80G. 
Issues with NGOs- Opaqueness, lack of accountability, hidden motives, interference, foreign influence, partnership with non-state actors.
The problem of NGOs- Lack of funding, accreditation, trained personal, reach, corruption, public distrust. 
Constitutional Provisions Article 19(1)(c), Article 43(b), Entry 32 of State list and Entry 10 and 28 of Concurrent list
Statutes for NGO- Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010, Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.
NGOs and RTI- As per the SC decision, NGOs with substantial government funding come under the public authority under the RTI act.
Way forward Need for accreditation agency, need for monitoring and surveillance, proper funding, need for policy, deregulation to a certain extent.
Role Of NGOs In India
NGOs

Role Of NGOs In India-

Role Of NGOs In India, Non-governmental organization. Non-profit making groups formed for the social welfare of mankind are known as NGOs. Non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, were first called such in Article 71 in the Charter of the newly formed United Nations in 1945. Non-governmental organization. Non-profit making groups formed for the social welfare of mankind are known as NGOs. Non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, were first called such in Article 71 in the Charter of the newly formed United Nations in 1945. Non-governmental organization. Non-profit making groups formed for the social welfare of mankind are known as NGOs. Non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, were first called such in Article 71 in the Charter of the newly formed United Nations in 1945.

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