Daily UPSC MCQs

DAILY 10.30 A.M UPSC PRELIMS(25 QUESTIONS) MCQs : 25TH AUGUST,2020

DIADEMY PRESENTS, “PRELIMS CURRENT AFFAIRS 2020 DAILY PRACTICE 25 MCQs- 1000 MOST IMPORTANT MCQs TO BOOST YOUR EXAM PREPARATION”.

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1. The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) has been established by the Government of India under which of the following Ministries?

 
 
 
 

2.  Consider the following statements:

  1. An RTI application can be rejected if the concerned authority is not a public authority under section 2 (h) of the Right to Information Act, 2005.
  2. Non-governmental organizations substantially financed by funds provided by the appropriate government are considered public authorities under the RTI Act.
  3. PM CARES Fund created from public contributions to deal with emergencies like posed by the COVID-19 pandemic is a public authority.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

3. India’s sovereign rating has been downgraded in recent times. Which of the following are among the reasons for the same?

  1. Weak implementation of economic reforms since 2017.
  2. Relatively low economic growth over a sustained period.
  3. A significant deterioration in the fiscal position of governments (central and state).
  4. Extraordinary stringent lockdown imposed by India.
  • Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 
 
 
 

4. Which of the following are among the implications of a downgraded in the sovereign credit rating of a country?

  1. Bonds issued by the government of that country will carry the lower yields.
  2. It will become costlier for the companies of the given country to raise funds.
  3. Corporate issuers rated at or slightly above the rating of the sovereign debt will more likely to be downgraded.
  • Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 
 
 
 

5. Recently, a report by security researchers alleged leak of personal data of millions of users of the Bharat Interface For Money (BHIM) payment application due to a website breach. Consider the following statements in this regard:

  1. BHIM allows real-time fund transfer using at least two identities like your mobile number and name.
  2. BHIM can be used to scan a QR code to make quick payments.
  3. BHIM is a UPI based payment interface and is not a wallet.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

6. Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, headed by the Prime Minister, approved the new definition of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs). Consider the following statements in this regard:

  1. MSMEs are those enterprises where the investment limit is between ₹1 crore to ₹50 crore and turnover limit is between ₹5 crore to ₹250 crore.
  2. The turnover with respect to exports will be counted in the limits of turnover for any category of MSME units, be it micro, small or medium.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

7. Recently, the Supreme Court of India heard a petition that says the nation should be called by one name. Consider the following statements in this regard:

  1. Only the two names “India and Bharat” are mentioned in Article 1 of our Constitution.
  2. The name India was given to our country by the Portuguese.
  3. The name Bharata was used for a group of people who lived in the northwest, and who are mentioned in the Rigveda.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

8. Consider the following statements:

  1. The term “Hindustan” used in the thirteenth century by Minhaj-i-Siraj was for the lands that were a part of the dominions of the Delhi Sultan.
  2. In the early sixteenth century Babur used “Hindustan” to describe the geography, the fauna and the culture of the inhabitants of the subcontinent.
  3. The idea of “Hind” put forward by the fourteenth-century poet Amir Khusrau was more similar to the “Hindustan” of Babur than that of Minhaj-i-Siraj.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

9. East African nations have been on high alert over an outbreak of Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Consider the following statements in this regard:

  1. The Democratic Republic of Congo declared a new Ebola epidemic in the western city of Mbandaka, a place where it had reported an outbreak of the same virus last year also.
  2. The Democratic Republic of Congo has been accused by the World Health Organization of failing to provide information on suspected cases of Ebola in the country.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 
 
 
 

10. The Democratic Republic of Congo shares its land border with which of the following countries?

  1. Angola
  2. Zambia
  3. Republic of Congo
  4. The central African Republic
  • Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 
 
 
 

11. COVID-19 was the sixth time that the WHO had declared a global emergency. Which of the following was the previous occasion when the WHO had to declare a global emergency?

 
 
 
 

12. Consider the following statements about the ‘Ebola Virus Disease’ (EVD):

  1. EVD is a rare and deadly disease in people and non-human primates.
  2. The viruses that cause EVD are located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa.
  3. There is not one but many Ebola virus species.
  4. There is no approved vaccine or treatment for EVD.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

13. Which of the following are correctly matched?

  • Disease: Host of the pathogen
  1. Ebola: Bats
  2. SARS: Civet cats
  3. MERS: Dromedaries
  4. SARS-CoV-2: Porcupine
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

14. Recently, China has issued a statement reiterating its long-standing objections to the presence of the US THAAD anti-ballistic missile defense system in:

 
 
 
 

15. ‘Phase 1 agreement’ was recently in news in the context of which of the following countries?

 
 
 
 

16. Arrange the following in the correct order in the context of U.S.-China relations:

  1. Trade war
  2. Tech war
  3. Capital war                                                                                                                                                                                                          Select the correct answer using the code given below
 
 
 
 

17. Recently, which of the following introduced a cryptocurrency backed by gold, to counter the dominance of the US $?

 
 
 
 

18. The Fourth Industrial Revolution includes technologies such as:

  1. 4G (fourth generation) stage of telecom evolution
  2. Artificial Intelligence
  3. Robotics
  4. Autonomous vehicles
  5. Internet of Things
  • Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 
 
 
 

19. Less than two weeks after a powerful cyclone (Cyclone Amphan) passed through West Bengal on its way to Bangladesh, India faced another cyclone (Cyclone Nisarga), this time on its western coast. Consider the following statements in this regard:

  1. Cyclones formed in the Bay of Bengal side of the north Indian Ocean are less frequent but stronger than those on the Arabian Seaside.
  2. The relatively smaller size of the Arabian Sea discourages the kind of very strong cyclones that are formed on the Bay of Bengal side.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 
 
 
 

20. Consider the following statements:

  1. A patentee shall have exclusive rights over his invention for a period of 20 years, and he can exclude others from making any use of his patented product.
  2. Under the Indian Patent Act, any person, regardless of whether he is the holder of the license of that Patent, can make a request to the Controller General of Patents for grant of compulsory license on expiry of three years.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 
 
 
 

21. A political party shall be treated as a recognized political party in a State, if and only if the political party fulfills which of the following conditions:

  1. At General Elections or Legislative Assembly elections, the party has won 3% of the seats (subject to a minimum of 3 seats).
  2. At a Lok Sabha General Elections, the party has won 1 Lok Sabha seat for every 25 Lok Sabha seats allotted for the State.
  • Select the correct answer using the code given below:
 
 
 
 

22. Consider the following statements:

  1. INTERPOL issues arrest warrants in the form of Red Notices.
  2. Red Notices by INTERPOL can be issued for both individuals and organizations.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 
 
 
 

23. Consider the following statements:

  1. Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater body in north-eastern India.
  2. The lake is the only body of water in India that was included on the BBC’s list of the world’s 14 most beautiful bodies of water.
  3. The Keibul Lamjao National Park located at the southwestern part of the lake is the world’s only floating national park.
  • Which of the statements given above are correct?
 
 
 
 

24. Rwanda, Beni and Mbandaka were recently in news in the context of:

 
 
 
 

25. Consider the following statements about the ‘mCessation Programme’:

  1. It is an initiative for tobacco cessation using mobile technology.
  2. India launched mCessation using text messages in 2016 as part of the government’s Digital India initiative.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
 
 
 
 

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